Live all the excitement of Italy’s splendour

Planned with the utmost care in order to find the most enjoyable panoramic roads, the route features every kind of Italian scenery:

Start and arrive in Emilia, the 'Land of Motors' and home to some of the greatest car builders of the world; on the fortifications constructed along the via Emilia by the Roman Army about 2000 years ago, many beautiful cultural cities such as Modena, Reggio Emilia, Parma and Piacenza were built, and here, in the 12th century, Matilde of Canossa reigned

The route will cross the Apennines, the long mountain range that passes through Italy from North to South, and the Apuan Alps with their white marble

As usual, the itinerary will offer some challenging mountain passes

We will also explore Garfagnana, the 'green island of Tuscany', once part of the Matildic Lands

We will meet the sea in Versilia, one of the most beautiful and famous regions of Tuscany

The itinerary includes some of the most beautiful Italian art cities:

Lucca, with its perfectly preserved churches and the ancient walls, is a unique treasure and many of its highlights are in the running to become UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Salsomaggiore Terme, an art nouveau masterpiece

Pisa with the wonderful Piazza dei Miracoli and the most famous leaning tower

Quattro Castella, heart of the Matildic Lands, enriched by castles and the centre of Italy’s medieval heritage

The iconic places of the roadtrip Terre di Canossa

Salsomaggiore Terme

Salsomaggiore Terme, which is situated among the hills of the Parmesan Apennines, is renowned for its thermal waters, but also for the large number of works by the Liberty architect, painter and sculptor Galileo Chini.

The Castles of the duchy

An icon of the courtly and chivalric romances, the dense network of castles around Parma is a defence system that stretches from the Po river to the ridge of the Apennine.

The strategically placed castles, cornerstones of the domain over the surrounding lands, are connected through waterways to the Po and the Adriatic Sea in the plains, while those in the mountains are perched upon peaks overlooking the routes towards Tuscany and the Tyrrhenian region.

The castles of the province of Parma are one of the most interesting itineraries for the enthusiasts of ancient buildings, art and nature.

Cento Croci Pass

Legend has it that the name of Cento Croci Pass (‘Pass of the Hundred Crosses’) came from the dangerous bandits that operated along the Apennine ridge. During their raids at the end of the 18th century, these villains killed more than one hundred travellers. According to legend, the local authorities had one hundred crosses set up near the pass in memory of those killed, but also as a warning to future generations.

The pass is called ‘Scentu Cruxe’ in the Ligurian language and is located at a height of 1,055 metres above sea level, connecting the province of La Spezia with that of Parma.

The military Arsenal of La Spezia

The operations undertaken at the arsenal at La Spezia went through various changes as a result of wars and then new developments in technology. The arsenal focused primarily on building ships for the Italian navy, in addition to machinery, arms, buoyancy pods and battle systems.

It has continued to adapt to changes in demand and the demise of shipbuilding led to the current phase of the arsenal’s history.

Le Cinque Terre

Le Cinque Terre è una delle più belle aree mediterranee naturali della Liguria. Cinque sono gli antichi borghi marinari che si affacciano a picco sul mare: Monterosso, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola e Riomaggiore.

Si tratta di località conosciute in tutto il mondo per la loro rara bellezza e peculiarità. Situati nella costa ligure tra La Spezia e Genova, vantano un mare con acque cristalline, spiagge e coste frastagliate di grande fascino.

Le Cinque Terre sono state inserite nel 1997 dall’Unesco nella lista “World Heritage List” come “paesaggio culturale”.

Forte dei Marmi: the heart of Versilia

Forte dei Marmi is one of the most famous and exclusive seaside resorts in the world.

Over the last centuries, Forte dei Marmi has become a very exclusive, world-famous holiday destination with top class shopping and venues.

 

The Lake of Massaciuccoli

Already known by the Romans as the lake of the Papirian Pits, the Lake of Massaciuccoli is famous for being the favoured hunting ground of Luccan composer Giacomo Puccini.

Today, the lake lost its former brackish lagoon look and is considered a typical lake-pond, due to its depth and salinity.

Lucca

The birthplace of great composers such as Giacomo Puccini and Luigi Boccherin, Lucca is one of the few cities of the world that kept intact its fortified walls, 4.450 kilometres long.

The historical city centre is well preserved, and has numerous medieval churches, towers, bell towers, Renaissance palaces and monuments, all of which are in complete harmony with newer structures. All the cars participating in the Terre di Canossa will drive on the ancient walls of Lucca.

Pisa

Pisa stands on the banks of the river Arno. Its treasured buildings bear the legacy of its glorious past as a Maritime Republic. Campo dei Miracoli – a UNESCO World Heritage site – is an invaluable landmark with the most famous icons of this city: the Cathedral and the Baptistery, the Monumental Cemetery and the Bell Tower – better known as the Leaning Tower of Pisa.

The old city centre has Renaissance buildings and churches, and wonderful Piazza dei Cavalieri is an impressive spectacle encircled by its 16th century palaces.

The Apuan Alps

The Apuan Alps, known since Roman times for their bone-white marble, are the wonderful background of Carrara, Forte dei Marmi and the whole Versilia.

The Garfagnana

The region enclosed between the Apuane Alps and the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines, called Garfagnana, offers a wide range of landscapes, like the inaccessible and uncontaminated mountains, rocky on the Alps and grassy and gentler on the Apennines, which become beautiful hills at lower heights.

The abundance of water characterizes both the climate and the environment of this area, making it green and lush, so much so that the Garfagnana is called the green island of Tuscany.

The Tuscan-Emilian Apennine National Park

Better known as the “Parco del Gigante” (Park of the Giant) it is noted for its luxuriant vegetation. You can also find castles, villages and mediaeval towers, archaeological sites, and burial grounds, the hot springs of Quara, important country houses and residences.

Between the plains and the Tuscan and Ligurian sea coast, the Apennines rise in a long line of more than 2000 metres and link Europe with the Mediterranean.

The castles of Matilde di Canossa

The imposing defence structures the teams will encounter as they cross the Apennines allowed Matilde di Canossa to counter the frequent attacks of Emperor Henry the 4th, and became a symbol of her authority when she became Queen of Italy.

Quattro Castella

On the first range of the Reggiano Apennines, on four adjoining identical hills, stood other fortified settlements dating back to the 10th century.

These were the castles of Montevecchio, Bianello, Montelucio and Montezane, notable structures which held particular strategic importance.

Among these, only Bianello is still standing. All that remains of the others are a few fragmented ruins.